Lower Montane Forest

Lower montane forests (1,300-2,300 masl) are characterized by a two-layered canopy. Trees in this habitat type are shorter in height than those found in lowland residual dipterocarp forests.

Plant families representing this forest type include Fagaceae, Lauraceae, Myrtaceae, Podocarpaceae and Clusiaceae. Lichens, epiphytic orchids and ferns as well as climbing Pandans Freycinetia spp. are common.

These forests include the roughly 6,000 hectares that burned during the 1982-83 drought but have since undergone natural regeneration. This habitat type provides living area for a number of globally threatened animal and plant species, including at least 23 species of birds, 12 species of mammals and three species of butterfly. Nine of these species are reported endemic to the lower montane forests of Mindanao. Large mammals such as the Philippine Warty Pig Sus philippinenses and Philippine Brown Deer that are found in this habitat heavily assist in maintaining the species diversity of the forest.

Other Links
Province of Bukidnon
City of Malaybalay
DENR Philippines
National Greening Program
ASEAN Centre
Eagle's nest at CFR Barangay Kaatu-an, Lantapan, Bukidnon. Video captured by Forester Edgar G. Agbayani.
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